The OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) has always participated in a critical role in “identifying and disseminating information on international innovations and best practices in local economic and employment development” To my advanatage, the LEED has tackle the county of Poland. In March of 2010, the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme published a report, OECD Review of SME and Entrepreneurship Issues and Policies at National and Local Levels in Poland.” ( The goal was provide the Polish government with “insights and recommendations for improving the design and delivery of Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) and entrepreneurship policies and programs in Poland.” I have extracted some key information regarding intellectual property and innovation regarding Poland.


“In comparison with more established EU member states, private enterprises in Poland are significantly smaller in size, with a vast majority of micro enterprises and very few firms that are technology based and/or engaged in high value added activity1….The small share of technology oriented and high value added SMEs in the economic structure, combined with the low level of expenditure on R&D and other innovation-related activities emphasizes the importance of prioritizing the development and implementation of effective innovation policies. Polish SMEs perform poorly on most innovation indicators, reflecting underdeveloped market-oriented innovation systems at the national and regional levels, as well as a failure to recognize the potential importance of innovation to competitiveness in the mindsets of SME managers.”


“The policies concern the provision of support to firms and entrepreneurs, such as training (skills development), information and coaching, providing specific expertise (e.g. technological expertise), or facilitating services (e.g. cluster management), the provision of financial support (either directly or indirectly through for instance loan guarantees) and the introduction of a regulatory environment that supports entrepreneurship. This requires a support structure, consisting of a set of support organizations and people who support firms directly or as funding agencies and intermediaries. It is important to note that all levels of regulation, national, regional and local, influence the business climate. In addition, these policies should address the regions need for industrial restructuring and fostering business activity. Thus, policies are targeted to established firms and potential entrepreneurs.”


“There are currently five main priorities for innovation policy:  (1) Human resources for a modern economy; (2) Research for the economy; (3) Intellectual property for innovation; (4) Capital for innovation; and (5) Infrastructure for innovation.”


“A commonly held view is that the implementation of entrepreneurship and economic development policy at the regional level has been slow, with limited co-ordination. Some explanations for this point refer to a lack of political commitment at the regional level to promoting entrepreneurship and a lack of understanding of the potential importance of entrepreneurship and SMEs to economic development.”


“In view of the important role of SMEs in the Polish economy and their weak innovative performance, increasing the level of innovative activity in SMEs is a key underlying theme in innovation policy. To achieve this requires: (1) raising awareness of the importance of innovation in competitiveness among entrepreneurs and other stakeholders; (2) building competitiveness of businesses on a science base by promoting a two-way flow of knowledge between universities and entrepreneurs; (3) increasing the number of science and engineering students to strengthen the foundation for radical innovation; (4) promoting entrepreneurship from the primary school upwards; (5) strengthening awareness of IPR issues and increasing the use of patenting by SMEs; (6) increasing finance available for innovation, including the supply of venture capital and tax incentives for R&D; and, (7) strengthening advisory institutions.


“Take steps to improve the co-ordination of the implementation of the RIS with national innovation policy. A variety of government bodies are involved in promoting and supporting innovation, recognizing the need to improve Poland‘s performance in this regard. It is important that these activities are well coordinated and appear integrated from an entrepreneur’s perspective.”


“The balance of service provision to various types of firms should differ from region to region depending on the characteristics of the economical structure of the region and the potential for innovation and technology based growth. Designing a package of SME policies should be based on a rigorous analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the region and fine tuned to the specific economic and sector structure.”