UNH Law ITTI Blog

International Technology Transfer Institute

Botswana has developed and progressed to the status of a middle income country mainly through mining and exportation of diamonds.  Diamonds are the main source of revenue for Botswana and have financed infrastructural development, health, education and human resource development capacity.  Though diamonds have created wealth for the country, there remains a challenge for the country to diversify its economy in order to reduce its dependence on diamonds which is a finite resource.  Recognizing this challenge, the government has over the years developed initiatives to diversify the economy as well as enhancing the competitiveness of Botswana in the global market.  One of the identified areas of focus is science, technology and innovation.

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Vietnam became a member of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1994. Vietnam has a rich diversity of species and is counted as one of the mega-diverse countries. However, biodiversity in Vietnam is in danger. The number of endangered species of fauna and flora has been increasing since 2000. The factors causing this situation include population boom, economic policy, farmland expansion, over exploitation, forest fire, infrastructure construction, illegal wildlife trade, environment pollution, and alien invasive species. Gene flow from genetically modified organisms (GMOs) also can pose danger on biodiversity.  continue reading…

In FY 2006, the United States Patent & Trademark Office launched a comprehensive strategic planning process.  The strategic planning process was launched to help focus the USPTO’s energy, to ensure that members of the organization are working toward the same goals, and to assess and adjust the organization’s direction in response to a changing environment.  This effort involves setting goals, and developing objectives for achieving those goals.  As part of the strategic planning process, the USPTO’s executive leadership team sought a broad range of perspectives from interested parties, including the Patent Public Advisory Committee, the Trademark Public Advisory Committee, members of the public, stakeholders, and employees.  A draft plan was posted on the USPTO Web site, and a notice announcing its availability for review and comment was published in the Federal Register.  The draft plan was also reviewed by Congress.  The results of the input received from employees and stakeholders were summarized and discussed by the leadership team, which formulated the final version of the 2007-2012 Strategic Plan.  The final version of the 2007-2012 Strategic Plan, which was released in March of 2007, then becomes a part of the annual budget request along with an annual performance plan and report. 

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In an effort to provide a more robust system for the provision of IP-related technical assistance to developing and least-developed countries, the USPTO has established the Global Intellectual Property Academy (GIPA) that functions to provide IPR training, capacity building, technical assistance as well as to create multilateral programs and country specific programs in U.S. and abroad.  In 2007, the USPTO completed construction of GIPA that includes a 20,000 square-foot training facility at its headquarters in Alexandria, Virginia.  Since then, the USPTO has held many global IP training seminars and sessions.  Through this dedicated space, the USPTO delivers targeted training to foreign IP officials that include foreign IP office administrators, examiners, judges, prosecutors, customs officers, and other government officials. 

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Thailand’s largest government research center, the National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) manages all of its IP through the NSTDA Technology Licensing Office (TLO). The TLO is the largest collection of IP management professionals in Thailand. These professionals work to manage, advise and commercialize the intellectual property coming out of the NSTDA. The goal of the TLO is to increase IP awareness, and encourage commercialization of IP to create jobs and increase the well-being of the populace.  continue reading…

Nigerians like to say that not knowing Nigeria is like not knowing Africa. With a population reaching almost 150 million, Nigeria is the most populated country in the continent. Like many other African nations, disease, poverty and corruption burden its ability to develop and prosper. Although proportionally HIV/AIDS affects only 3.1% of its adult population, the number of people living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria reaches 2.6 million, the second highest in the continent. Malaria affects 75% of its population, and claims 300,000 of its children each year. Its average yearly per capita income stands currently on $2,400, a fact, which puts most of its citizens below the poverty line. While one could go on and on with this grim picture of Nigeria, in the past decade signs of a different Nigeria emerges.

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“KITT”, which stands for Knowledge and Innovation Technology Transfer is a “machine” designed to do two things:

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Last January, WIPO Director Francis Gurry Presented a Global Leader In Intellectual Property award to the King of Thailand: King Bhumibol Adulyadej. This is a great recognition for Thailand, and provides an opportunity for WIPO to develop ties and assist Thailand in developing their IP and IP management regimes.  continue reading…